Fabio Luciano began playing football in the youth division of Atletica Ponte Preta, in 1996. This football defender, turned pro with the same club in 1998, but remained with them for only one season, during which he made over 30 appearances with the team. Luciano moved to Corinthians in 2000 and after 17 appearances in that season, was loaned out to Internacional for the next season. In 2002, Luciano returned to the Corinthians, but after 41 appearances and 6 goals, he switched to Fenerbahce S.K. in 2003.
Luciano remained with Fenerbahce till 2006, during which time he made over 100 league appearances and scored 25 goals. In 2006, after an injury which ruled him out for 6 months ended his contract with Fenerbahce, he moved to German club, FC Koln, and remained there for one season before moving to his current club, Club de Regatas do Flamengo, where he is currently the captain.
Luciano has had the opportunity to play with the Brazilian national team in 2003-04, and he made 2 match appearances. Known in particular for his spectacular attack, Luciano is quite a favorite amongst fans, and was particularly popular with Fenerbahce fans.
Some of his top honors include the FIFA Club World championship title in 2000, with the Corinthians, as well as the Rio-Sao Paulo tournament title in 2002, the Sao Paulo State championship in 2001 and 2003 as well as the Brazilian Cup in 2002, all with Corinthians. While with Fenerbahce, Luciano nabbed the Turkcell Super League title in 2004 and 2005. With Flamengo, he won the Taca Guanabara in 2008 as well as the Rio de Janeiro State league title, the same year. Luciano has also been honored with the Bola de Prata, Best central Defender of the Brazilian League 2002 award.