Elisabeth Holmes Moore was born on March 5, 1876 in Brooklyn, New York and died on 22 January 1959 in Starke, Florida. She was fondly called “Bessie” by friends, family and colleagues. She won her first U.S. singles championship title in 1896 when she was 20 years old.
In 1892 she lost a final game to Irish player Mabell Cahill in a five set match. But she was the youngest player in the U.S. finals. She was only 16 years old then. Pam Shiver was also 16 years old when she played in the finals in 1978. Bessie earned the U.S. singles championship title in 1896, 1901, 1903 and 1905. She was a runner-up on four other titles in 1892, 1897, 1902 and 1904. It made her eligible to join the 5th final game in 1906, because of her success in 1905, but chose not to play in the challenge round making the all-comers victor, Helen Homans to get the title instead. In 1896 and 1903 Elisabeth won the U.S. doubles championship title and was a runner-up under the same category in 1895, 1901, and 1904. She as well took home the mixed doubles championship title in 1902 and 1904 and a runner-up in 1892 and 1905.
The record of eight final championship titles she held was stretched between 1892 and 1905. It was considered a U.S. record which was later surpassed by Molla Mallory who gained 10 and Helen Wills Moody and Chris Evert who each had 9. The games Bessie played challenged the men who led the USTA. It resulted to best-of-three-set finals. Women players did not complain with the new five-set match rule but was equally dissatisfied by the decision dominated by men.
Elisabeth was inducted to the 1977 International Tennis Hall of Fame.