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Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#2
India Jack46423
# 2

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
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India Jack46423
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Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#4
India Jack46423
# 4

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#5
India Jack46423
# 5

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
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India Jack46423
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Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#7
India Jack46423
# 7

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#8
India Jack46423
# 8

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
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India Jack46423
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Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#10
India Jack46423
# 10

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#11
India Jack46423
# 11

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#12
India Jack46423
# 12

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
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India Jack46423
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Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#14
India Jack46423
# 14

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#15
India Jack46423
# 15

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[8] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[9] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. [edit] Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[10] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[11] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[12] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[13] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[14] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[15] [edit] India A team He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[16] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[17] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[18] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[19] and 119*[20] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Ave:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then captain – Sourav Ganguly[21] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as wicket-keeper/batsman.[22] [edit] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season Auctions which was closely followed by Andrew Symonds. Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings team. [edit] ODI career ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.The Indian team in the 2000s saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[21] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[21] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[23] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[24] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[25] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 erased the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[26] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[27] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[28] The innings set various records including the highest score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[29] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[30] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[31] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[32] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[33][34] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[35] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[36] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[37] Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[38] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[39] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[40] Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM.[41] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[42] Dhoni put behind his disappointment in the World cup by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man Of The Match innings, in the 3rd ODI. Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[7] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[43] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI. Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010. Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings. [edit] Test career Test Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 innings average while the orange line indicates career average progression.Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[44] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[45] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[46] India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[47] Dhoni at fielding practice.Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[48] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections. On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and Dhoni finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[49] On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was called by the match referee for explanation of his actions but was not fined by the match referee.[50] Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest test total ever.[51] [edit] Captain of India Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[52] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[53] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[54] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who retired from cricket after the third test.[55] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[56] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively. It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series leveling world championship of Test against the South Africans in Feb 2010. As a result India managed No. 1 spot in the ICC Test Rankings. [edit] Two-match ban Dhoni was handed a 2 match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009) by ICC match referee Jeff Crowe.[57] [edit] Cricket performance [edit] ODI Cricket ODI career records by opposition # Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping 1 Africa XI[58] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3 2 Australia 23 690 43.12 124 1 3 26 9 3 Bangladesh 9 247 61.75 101* 1 1 9 6 4 Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0 5 England 18 501 33.40 96 0 3 19 7 6 Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3 7 New Zealand 9 269 67.25 84* 0 2 7 2 8 Pakistan 23 920 54.11 148 1 7 22 6 9 Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 - 10 South Africa 10 196 24.50 107 0 1 7 1 11 Sri Lanka 38 1514 63.08 183* 2 12 38 9 12 West Indies 18 499 49.90 95 0 3 16 4 13 Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1 Total 156 5271 51.67 183* 7 34 151 51 ODI Centuries: ODI centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005 2 183* 22 Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005 3 139* 74 Africa XI[58] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007 4 109* 109 Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008 5 124 143 Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 6 107 152 Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009 7 101* 156 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010 [edit] ODI records On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur. The following is the list of records created during the innings.[29] The score of 183* is the highest in ODI cricket in the second innings (Earlier record: 153 by Lara). The innings featured 10 Sixes, the most by an Indian in an Innings, and the second highest in ODI cricket (The highest is 12 by Xavier Marshall of West Indies) He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15x4; 10x6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. The record was broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21x4; 7x6) against Australia during his knock of 175. The score of 183* equaled the record of the highest score against Sri Lanka in ODI cricket set by Ganguly during the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[59] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs. In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[58] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[60] Dhoni erased Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[61] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series. Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007. Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008. Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days). [edit] Man of the Series Awards S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance 1 Sri Lanka in India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1x100, 1x50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings 2[62] India in Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1x50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings 3 India in Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2x50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping 4 India in West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15x4, 4x6); 2 Catches 2 Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15x4, 10x6); 1 Catch 3 Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12x4); 3 Catches 4 Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7x4); 1 Stumping 5 Africa XI[58] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15x4, 5x6); 3 Stumpings 6 Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35 b, 5x4 1x6); 2 Stumpings 7 Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping 8 Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches 9 Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches 10 New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping 11 West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping 12 Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout 13 Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9x4) [edit] Test cricket Test performance: Test career records by opposition # Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings 1 Australia 8 448 34.46 92 0 4 18 6 2 Bangladesh 2 104 104.00 51* 0 1 6 1 3 England 8 397 33.08 92 0 4 24 3 4 New Zealand 2 155 77.50 56* 0 2 11 1 5 Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1 6 South Africa 7 218 27.25 132* 1 1 6 1 7 Sri Lanka 6 363 60.50 110 2 1 15 1 8 West Indies 4 168 24.00 69 0 1 13 4 Total 42 2176 40.29 148 4 16 102 18 Test centuries: Test centuries # Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year 1 148 5 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006 2 110 38 Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009 3 100* 40 Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009 4 132* 42 South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010 Man of the Match Awards: S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance 1 Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*

vinod kumar
#16
India Jack46423
# 16

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

vinod kumar
#17
India Jack46423
# 17

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

vinod kumar
#18
India Jack46423
# 18

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

vinod kumar
#19
India Jack46423
# 19

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

vinod kumar
#20
India Jack46423
# 20

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

vinod kumar
#21
India Jack46423
# 21

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

vinod kumar
#22
India Jack46423
# 22

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

vinod kumar
#23
India Jack46423
# 23

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

vinod kumar
#24
India Jack46423
# 24

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

vinod kumar
#25
India Jack46423
# 25

Full name Sourav Chandidas Ganguly Born July 8, 1972, Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Current age 37 years 274 days Major teams India, Asia XI, Bengal, East Zone, Glamorgan, India Under-19s, Kolkata Knight Riders, Lancashire, Northamptonshire Batting style Left-hand bat Bowling style Right-arm medium Height 5 ft 11 in Education St Xavier's College Relation Brother - Snehasish C Ganguly Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave BF SR 100 50 4s 6s Ct St Tests 113 188 17 7212 239 42.17 14070 51.25 16 35 900 57 71 0 ODIs 311 300 23 11363 183 41.02 15416 73.70 22 72 1122 190 100 0 First-class 246 388 43 15243 239 44.18 32 87 167 0 List A 431 415 43 15531 183 41.75 31 97 130 0 Twenty20 54 51 2 1248 91 25.46 1153 108.23 0 7 132 39 19 0 Bowling averages Mat Inns Balls Runs Wkts BBI BBM Ave Econ SR 4w 5w 10 Tests 113 99 3117 1681 32 3/28 3/37 52.53 3.23 97.4 0 0 0 ODIs 311 171 4561 3849 100 5/16 5/16 38.49 5.06 45.6 1 2 0 First-class 246 11034 6076 164 6/46 37.04 3.30 67.2 4 0 List A 431 8027 6527 168 5/16 5/16 38.85 4.87 47.7 4 2 0 Twenty20 54 32 507 648 27 3/27 3/27 24.00 7.66 18.7 0 0 0 Career statistics Test debut England v India at Lord's, Jun 20-24, 1996 scorecard Last Test India v Australia at Nagpur, Nov 6-10, 2008 scorecard Test statistics ODI debut India v West Indies at Brisbane, Jan 11, 1992 scorecard Last ODI India v Pakistan at Gwalior, Nov 15, 2007 scorecard ODI statistics First-class debut 1989/90 Last First-class Bengal v Delhi at Kolkata, Dec 15-18, 2009 scorecard List A debut 1989/90 Last List A Bengal v Tamil Nadu at Ahmedabad, Mar 2, 2010 scorecard Twenty20 debut Glamorgan v Somerset at Cardiff, Jun 22, 2005 scorecard Last Twenty20 Kolkata Knight Riders v Delhi Daredevils at Kolkata, Apr 7, 2010 scorecard Profile Some felt he couldn't play the bouncer, others swore that he was God on the off-side; some laughed at his lack of athleticism, others took immense pride in his ability to galvanise a side. Sourav Ganguly's ability to polarise opinion led to one of the most fascinating dramas in Indian cricket. Yet, nobody can dispute that he was India's most successful Test captain - forging a winning unit from a bunch of talented, but directionless, individuals - and nobody can argue about him being one of the greatest one-day batsmen of all time. Despite being a batsman who combined grace with surgical precision in his strokeplay, his career had spluttered to a standstill before being resurrected by a scintillating hundred on debut at Lord's in 1996. Later that year, he was promoted to the top of the order in ODIs and, along with Sachin Tendulkar, formed one of the most destructive opening pairs in history. Read More Timeline

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