Main Types Of Boxing Punches

Boxing is more than just throwing punches. There are techniques involved. The four basic punches in boxing are the jab, the cross, the uppercut, and the hook. These are the basic punches that are seen in boxing matches.

From these basic punches, boxers can create a wide range of combinations.


The jab is a punch that is thrown using the front hand. Note the use of the term the front hand because this depends on your stance. It is usually done with a non-dominant hand. Its the left hand for the Orthodox Stance and the right hand for the Southpaw.

Like most punches, the jab starts with the hands next to the nose. As the punch is thrown, the boxer rotates the fist slightly so that the fingers of the closed fit face the floor by the time it connects to the target.

After the punch has been delivered, the fist should return to its place near the nose right away.

The power of the jab comes from the throw of the fist. However, some boxers prefer to take a small step forward in time with the punch to put some of the body’s weight behind it.

In training, coaches can refer to this punch as One.


The Cross or sometimes called the Straight. This is a powerful punch that is done with the dominant hand. In addition to that, the Cross has the power of hips behind it.

To throw a cross, you start with the basic boxer stance. Both hands should be near the nose, guarding the face at all times. The weight should be mostly on the front foot and the knees slightly bent.

Like the jab, the fingers of the fist must face the floor by the time the Cross connects to the target. As the punch is thrown, the fighter pivots on the ball of the back foot. Remember, most of the weight should be on the front foot so that the back one is free to pivot. The hips should also rotate slightly forward as the punch is thrown.

For a Cross to be good, most of the power should come from the fighters body weight and not the shoulder, arms, and fists.

The Cross is also known in training as Two. A command of One-Two in training means players are required to do a Jab-Cross combination.


The Hook is one of the most powerful punches in boxing. It has a lot of power behind it. It is done with both the lead hand and the rear hand.

The Lead Hook

This is done with the lead hand. Start in your fighting stance with first on guard. Put a bit of weight on your lead leg then bring your lead arm up to just about shoulder height. Rotate your body and pivot on your lead leg, following your fist.

As you follow through with your punch, your elbow should almost be directly in front of you. Keep your elbow at an almost 90-degree angle.

The Rear Hook

This is a hook done with the dominant hand. Like with all punches, it starts at the guard position. Bring the arm up to shoulder height, keeping the elbow at a 90-degree angle. Most of your weight should be on your lead foot so you can pivot on your rear foot.

Like with the lead hook, the elbow should be kept at a 90-degree angle. You have to follow through with the punch and your elbow should end almost in front of your face.


When you throw an uppercut, you lean down slightly and then move up while throwing the punch. Like the Hook, it can be thrown with both the lead and the rear hand.

The Lead Uppercut

This is done with the front hand. Sit a little lower on your boxing stance. Take the hand off your face, lower it down away from your body until its a 90-degree angle at the elbow. The fist should be turned so that the fingertips are facing your face.

The punch should end just in front of your face when shadowboxing or under your opponents chin.

The Rear Uppercut

Done with the dominant hand, the rear uppercut starts the same as the lead uppercut. Drop your rear hand away from your body until it is at a 90-degree angle from your body.

The pivot on your back foot and bring your fist upwards, making sure your elbows are kept bent. Like the lead uppercut, the punch should end at the level of your face.

Maree cartujano
Sports Pundit staff writer
Sports writer and editor....

Comment on This Article

Reply to