Liverpool Football Club is an English football club based in the city of Liverpool. They are members of the English Premier League and are the most successful football club in English football history.
The club was founded on March 15,1892 by John Houlding and immediately won the Lancashire League and was elected to the Football League Second Division for the 1893-1894 season.
Liverpool won their first Football League championship in the 1900-1901 season and then again in 1905-1906. The club were champions again in 1921-1922 and 1922-1923. After winning the league in the 1946-1947 season, Liverpool sank into a decline and recovered only after a certain Bill Shankly was appointed the manager of Liverpool in December 1959. He would guide Liverpool back to the top division in 1962, before adding league titles in 1963-1964, 1965-1966 and won their first ever European trophy, the UEFA Cup, in the 1972-1973 season.
When Shankly announced his shock retirement in 1974, faithful assistant and member of the famous Anfield Boot Room, Bob Paisley took charge, an appointment which would herald a glorious era in the club’s history, with no less than eight league titles and three European Cups adorning the Anfield trophy cabinet. He was followed by another Boot Room legend, Joe Fagan, who would himself add another league title and a fourth European Cup, before the tragic events of the Heysel Disaster would help push him out of the door. Fagan was followed by the talismanic figure of Kenny Dalglish, arguably the club’s greatest ever player. Success would stay with the Anfield club until the early 1990’s, with Dalglish over-seeing the club’s first ever League and FA Cup double in 1986 and a record 18th - and final - league title in 1990, but with the advent of the Premier League in 1992, Liverpool’s glory years faded away and the club fell into disarray, on the field at least, for virtually the entire decade.
The arrival of Gerard Houllier in 1998 though seemed to bring about a new era in the club’s fortunes, the Frenchman, fresh from making a key contribution to Les Bleus World Cup winning campaign that year, was appointed joint manager alongside incumbent and club stalwart Roy Evans. When Evans resigned a few months later citing professional differences, Houllier took full control of Liverpool, and would stamp his own image on the club. This would culminate in the glorious 2000-2001 season, where Liverpool completed a Cup treble (FA Cup/League Cup/UEFA Cup), before going on to finish second in the league the following season behind a superb Arsenal team.
Those seasons would be the high point of the Frenchman’s tenure, illness during the 2001-2002 season seemingly affecting him, and the club’s forwards progress under him was halted. After two more largely unsuccessful seasons, and the club battling to keep their place in the top four, Houllier was sacked in May 2004 and replaced by the up and coming Spaniard Rafael Benitez, former manager of Valencia.
A new chapter in the Liverpool’s history began, with Benitez starting the long process of rebuilding the club. And it began in spectacular fashion. A largely dreadful domestic season, especially in the league where they would finish fifth behind city rivals Everton, ended in glory, as they added a fifth European Cup, beating Italian giants AC Milan on penalties in the Champions League Final. The victory was all the more remarkable as the team were 3-0 down at half time, levelling the score with three goals in just six minutes at the start of the second half. The club would add another FA Cup the following season, before making the Champions League Final (against Milan again) for the second time in three years in May 2007. Sadly, they would not add a sixth European crown as Milan would gain their revenge for the upset two seasons previous.
Roy Hodgson and Dalglish would have stints in charge, before current boss Brendan Rodgers took over in 2012. Rodgers took the Reds to the brink of their first league title in 24 years, with Luis Suarez and Daniel Sturridge prolific in attack, but stumbled at the business end of the season to finish as runners-up. Suarez won a host of awards, including the Premier League Player of the Season gong, before a biting incident at the 2014 World Cup led to him leaving the club.
Liverpool are nicknames the Reds and foster huge rivalry with Manchester United and their city rivals Everton.
Some of the club’s major achievements include:
18 Football League First Division7 FA Cups8 League Cups15 FA Community Shields5 European Cup/UEFA Champions League3 UEFA Cup3 UEFA Super Cup